Essential Oils

Essential Oils

A series of articles aimed at giving you a deeper understanding of essential oils. We explain the uses & properties of each oil to help you use these wonderful natural ingredients safely and effectively.

 

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Lemon Eucalyptus Essential Oil

Species: Eucalyptus citriodora
Plant Family: 

Myrtaceae.

Origins: 

Native to Australia, now found in China and elsewhere in the Southern Hemisphere. 

Extraction: 

The oil is obtained by steam distillation of the twigs, leaves and sometimes the fruits of Eucalyptus citriodora.

Properties: 

Antiseptic, antiviral, bactericidal, fungicidal, insecticide.

Lemon Grass Essential Oil

Species: Cymbopogon citratus
Plant Family: 

Poaceae.

Origins: 

Grows in Asia, the West Indies and East India.

Extraction: 

The essential oil is obtained by steam distillation of the dried grass.

Properties: 

Antidepressant, antiseptic, astringent, stimulant, tonic & uplifting. 

Lemon Tea Tree Essential Oil

Species: Leptospermum petersonii
Plant Family: 

Myrtaceae.

Origins: 

Native to Australia. 

Extraction: 

The oil is obtained by hydrodistillation of the leaves of the plant. 

Properties: 

Antiseptic, antiviral, antifungal and antibacterial.

Lemon Thyme Essential Oil

Species: Thymus citriodorus
Plant Family: 

Lamiaceae

Origins: 

For many years it was thought that the plant was a hybrid or a cross strain but recent research has confirmed it to be a distinct species as was first claimed in 1811. 

Extraction: 

The oil is obtained by steam distillation of the fresh or dried leaves and flowering tops of the herb.

Properties: 

Antibacterial, antiseptic, relaxing, decongestant. 

Lemon Verbena Essential Oil

Species: Lippia citriodora
Plant Family: 

Verbenaceae.

Origins: 

Native to Chile, Peru, Argentina and Bolivia but now found elsewhere including Spain and other Mediterranean countries.

Extraction: 

The oil is steam distilled from the dried herb.

Properties: 

Antiseptic, antispasmodic, aphrodisiac, digestive, emollient, febrifuge, hepatic, insecticide, sedative, stomachic and tonic. 

Lime Essential Oil

Species: Citrus aurantifolia
Plant Family: 

Rutaceae. 

Origins: 

Thought to be native to south Asia but now found in many tropical and subtropical regions around the globe. Mainly cultivated in Mexico, Florida, the West Indies and Italy. 

Extraction: 

The oil is obtained by distillation.  

Properties: 

Antiseptic, antiviral, aperitif, bactericidal, febrifuge, restorative and tonic. 

Mandarin Essential Oil

Species: Citrus nobilis
Plant Family: 

Rutaceae.

Origins: 

Native to southern China and the Far East. Now found worldwide and produced mainly in Italy, Spain, Algeria, Cyprus, Greece, the Middle East, Argentina & Brazil. 

Extraction: 

The oil is obtained by expression from the peel of the fruit.

Properties: 

Antiseptic, antispasmodic, carminative, digestive, diuretic & laxative (both mild), sedative, stimulant & tonic. 

Manuka Essential Oil

Species: Leptospermum scoparium
Plant Family: 

Myrtaceae.

Origins: 

Native to New Zealand and Australia and still predominantly produced in those countries. 

Extraction: 

The essential oil is obtained by steam distillation of the leaves and branches of the plant.

Properties: 

Antifungal, anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial among others. It shares many properties with it's distant relative Tea Tree - Manuka is also known as New Zealand Tea Tree. 

Marigold Tagetes Essential Oil

Species: Tagetes glandulifera
Plant Family: 

Compositae.

Origins: 

Native to Africa but now also grown in France and North America.

Extraction: 

The essential oil is obtained by steam distillation of the flowers. 

Properties: 

Anti-infectious, anti-microbial, antibiotic, anti-spasmodic, anti-parasitic, antiseptic, insecticide and sedative.

Marjoram Essential Oil

Species: Origanum majorana
Plant Family: 

Lamiaceae (Labiatae).

Origins: 

Grows principally in Mediterranean countries such as Egypt, France and Spain as well as parts of North Africa.

Extraction: 

The oil is obtained by steam distillation of the cleaned leaves. 

Properties: 

Analgesic, antispasmodic, emmenagogue, relaxing, sedative, tonic, nervine, laxative, vulnerary, vasodilatory, warming & hypotensive. 

May Chang Essential Oil

Species: Litsea cubeba
Plant Family: 

Lauraceae.

Origins: 

Native to east Asia, particularly China.

Extraction: 

The essential oil is obtained by steam distillation of the berries of the plant. 

Properties: 

Antiseptic, deodorant, digestive, disinfectant, insecticidal, stimulant & stomachic. 

Melissa (Lemon Balm) Essential Oil

Species: Melissa officinalis
Plant Family: 

Lamiaceae.

Origins: 

Native to southern and central Europe and the Mediterranean region. 

Extraction: 

The oil is obtained by steam distillation of the leaves and tops of the plant.

Properties: 

Antidepressant, nervine, emmenagogue, antispasmodic, stomachic, antibacterial, carminative, febrifuge, sudorific and sedative. 

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