Essential Oils

Essential Oils

A series of articles aimed at giving you a deeper understanding of essential oils. We explain the uses & properties of each oil to help you use these wonderful natural ingredients safely and effectively.

 

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Carrot Seed Essential Oil

Species: Daucus carota
Plant Family: 

Umbelliferae.

Origins: 

Thought to have originated in Afghanistan although the edible root we consume so regularly nowadays was cultivated by the Dutch in the 17th Century.

Extraction: 

The oil is obtained by steam distillation of the seeds and fruit of the plant.

Properties: 

Antiseptic, cytophylactic,carminative, emmenagogue, tonic, depurative, diuretic, hepatic, vermifuge and stimulant.

Cassia Essential Oil

Species: Cinnamomum cassia:
Plant Family: 

Lauraceae. 

Origins: 

Native to China.

Extraction: 

The essential oil obtained from the aromatic bark and twigs of the tree. 

Cedarwood Atlas Essential Oil

Species: Cedrus atlantica
Plant Family: 

Pinaceae

Origins: 

Native to the Atlas Mountains of Algeria and Morocco.

Extraction: 

The oil is obtained by steam distillation of the bark and sawdust of the tree.

Properties: 

Antiseptic, antifungal, astringent, diuretic, expectorant, nervine, sedative and tonic.

Cedarwood Essential Oil

Species: Juniperus virginiana
Plant Family: 

Cupressaceae

Origins: 

The tree is native to the Eastern half of the USA.

Extraction: 

The Oil is obtained by steam distillation of the twigs and leaves of the tree.

Properties: 

Antiseptic, antispasmodic, tonic, astringent, diuretic, expectorant, insecticide, sedative and fungicide.

Celery Seed Essential Oil

Species: Apium graveolens:
Plant Family: 

Umbelliferae.

Origins: 

Native to Southern Europe but now cultivated for the production of essential oil in China, Hungary and India

Extraction: 

The oil is obtained by steam distillation of the crushed unripe seeds. 

Properties: 

Antibacterial, antioxidant, anti-rheumatic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, diuretic, hepatic, tonic and relaxant.

Chamomile Maroc Essential Oil

Species: Ormenis multicaulis
Plant Family: 

From the plant family Asteraceae (Compositae).

Origins: 

Distilled in Morocco, the plant originates from north west Africa and southern Spain.

Extraction: 

Obtained by steam distillation of the Moroccan chamomile herb. 

Properties: 

Antispasmodic, cholagogue, emmenagogue, hepatic and sedative.

Chamomile Roman Essential Oil

Species: Anthemis nobilis
Plant Family: 

Asteraceae.

Origins: 

Originally from southern and western Europe and now naturalised to North America. Cultivated in the UK, Belgium, Hungary, the USA, France and Italy. It’s generally accepted that the best Chamomile Roman Oil comes from the UK which is where Amphora source our oils from.

Extraction: 

Obtained by steam distillation of the dried flowering heads of the plant.

Properties: 

Analgesic, antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory, bactericidal, carminative, digestive, emmenagogue, hypnotic, sedative and tonic. 

Cinnamon Essential Oil

Species: Cinnamomum zeylanicum
Plant Family: 

Lauraceae

Origins: 

Originally from Madagascar and south east Asia, now mostly cultivated and produced in Sri Lanka.

Extraction: 

The essential oil is obtained by steam distillation of the leaves of the plant.

Properties: 

Analgesic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, aphrodisiac, astringent, insecticide, stimulant and tonic.

Citronella Essential Oil

Species: Cymbopogan Winterianus
Plant Family: 

Poaceae.

Origins: 

The plant is native to Sri Lanka but grows well in any warm and temperate climate. China has become a major grower and distiller of Citronella. 

Extraction: 

The essential oil is obtained by steam distillation of the grass leaves.

Properties: 

Antiseptic, bactericidal, deodorant, diaphoretic, insecticide, parasitic, tonic and stimulant.

Clary Sage Essential Oil

Species: Salvia sclarea
Plant Family: 

Lamiaceae (Labiatae).

Origins: 

Native to Italy, Syria and southern France but grows well wherever the soil is dry enough.

Extraction: 

The essential oil is obtained by steam distillation of the stalks of the plant.

Properties: 

Anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, relaxing, sedative, tonic, uplifting and hypotensive.

Clove Essential Oil

Species: Eugenia caryophyllus
Plant Family: 

Myrtaceae

Origins: 

Thought to be native to Indonesia but now found worldwide, especially in the Philippines and Madagascar. 

Extraction: 

The oil is obtained by steam distillation of the dried buds of the plant.

Properties: 

Antibiotic, antihistaminic, antineuralgic, anti-oxidant, antiseptic, antiviral, aphrodisiac, carminative, counter-irritant, expectorant, and stimulant.

Coriander Essential Oil

Species: Coriandrum sativum
Plant Family: 

Apiaceae (Umbelliferae). 

Origins: 

Native to Morocco, now cultivated or grown wild across North Africa, in Spain and the Far East. 

Extraction: 

Coriandrum sativum Seed Oil is the fixed oil obtained from the seeds by steam distillation. 

Properties: 

Analgesic, detoxifying, warming, carminative, digestive, fungicidal, deodorant, muscle & joint ease and aphrodisiac.

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