Essential Oils

Essential Oils

A series of articles aimed at giving you a deeper understanding of essential oils. We explain the uses & properties of each oil to help you use these wonderful natural ingredients safely and effectively.

 

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Petitgrain Essential Oil

Species: Citrus aurantium var. aurantium
Plant Family: 

Rutaceae.

Origins: 

Native to southern China and north-east India. Mainly produced in France, Paraguay and North Africa.

Extraction: 

The essential oil is obtained by steam distillation from the leaves of the plant.

Properties: 

Antidepressant, antiseptic, antispasmodic, digestive, relaxing, stimulant, tonic and uplifting.

Pine Essential Oil

Species: Pinus sylvestris
Plant Family: 

Pinaceae.

Origins: 

Native to Europe and Asia, now cultivated all over the world, mainly in eastern USA, Europe (including Austria), Russian the Baltic states and Scandinavia.

Extraction: 

The oil is obtained by steam distillation of the fir needles.

Properties: 

Antimicrobial, antineuralgic, antirheumatic, antiscorbutic, antiseptic, antiviral, bactericidal, deodorant, diuretic, expectorant, insecticidal, restorative and stimulant.

Ravensara Essential Oil

Species: Ravensara aromatica
Plant Family: 

Lauraceae.

Origins: 

Native to Madagascar and other tropical Indian Ocean islands

Extraction: 

The oil is extracted from the leaves of the tall forest tree by slow steam distillation. 

Properties: 

Aphrodisiac, Antibacterial, Antiviral, Antifungal, Immune Tonic and Decongestant. Gently uplifting and stimulating. Has an analgesic effect and is a muscle relaxant.

Rose Geranium Essential Oil

Species: Pelargonium graveolens
Plant Family: 

Geraniaceae.

Origins: 

Originally found in South Africa, Madagascar, Egypt and Morocco before being introduced to European countries such as Italy and Spain in the 17th Century.

Extraction: 

The essential oil is obtained by steam distillation of the flowers, leaves and stalks of the plant. 

Properties: 

Antidepressant, antiseptic, astringent, diuretic, deodorant, haemostatic, tonic, and vulnerary.

Rose Maroc Absolute Oil

Species: Rosa centifolia
Plant Family: 

From the plant family Rosaceae.

Extraction: 

The absolute is obtained by alcohol extraction from the concrete.

Properties: 

Antidepressant, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antiviral, aphrodisiac, bactericidal, emmenagogue, laxative, sedative and tonic.

Rose Otto Steam Distilled Essential Oil

Species: Rosa damascena
Plant Family: 

Rosaceae.

Origins: 

Thought to originate from the Orient, now mainly cultivated in Bulgaria, France and Turkey.

Extraction: 

Obtained by steam distillation of the petals of the flower.

Properties: 

Antidepressant, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antiviral, aphrodisiac, astringent, bactericidal, emmenagogue, haemostatic, hepatic, laxative, nervous system sedative, stomachic and tonic for the heart, liver, stomach and uterus.

Rosemary Essential Oil

Species: Rosamarinus officinalis
Plant Family: 

Lamiaceae (Labiatae).

Origins: 

Comes mainly from Tunisia and other Mediterranean countries like Spain, France and Italy but is grown the world over.

Extraction: 

The oil is obtained from the leaves and flowers of the herb.

Properties: 

Analgesic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antiviral, astringent, cephalic, diuretic, hypotensive, rubefacient, stimulant, nervine, vulnerary, cordial, tonic, uplifting.

Rosewood Essential Oil

Species: Dalbergia sissoo Wood Oil
Plant Family: 

Faboideae, Fabacea.

Origins: 

Originally from the tropical regions of central & south America, Africa and southern Asia.

Extraction: 

The essential oil is obtained by steam distillation of Indian rosewood Dalbergia Sissoo. 

Properties: 

Analgesic (mild), anticonvulsant, antidepressant, anti-microbial, antiseptic, aphrodisiac, bactericidal, deodorant, immune system stimulant and tonic.

Sage Essential Oil

Species: Salvia officinalis
Plant Family: 

Lamiaceae (Labiatae).

Origins: 

Native to Mediterranean countries, now cultivated the world over especially in Spain, Turkey, Greece, Italy, France and the USA amongst others.

Extraction: 

The oil is obtained by steam distillation of the leaves of the herb. 

Properties: 

Anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, anti-oxidant, antiseptic, antispasmodic, astringent, digestive, diuretic, emmenagogue, febrifuge, insecticidal, stomachic & tonic. 

Sandalwood Amyris Essential Oil

Species: Amyris balsamifera
Plant Family: 

From the plant family Rutaceae.

Origins: 

Originally from the West Indies, now found in many tropical countries all over the world including Haiti, Jamaica and south and central America.

Extraction: 

The oil is steam distilled from the bark of the tree. 

Properties: 

Antiseptic, balsamic and sedative.

Sandalwood Australian Essential Oil

Species: Santalum spicatum
Plant Family: 

Santalum (spicatum).

Origins: 

Native to Australia.

Extraction: 

The oil is obtained by steam distillation of the wood.

Properties: 

Antiseptic, antispasmodic, aphrodisiac, astringent, bactericidal, carminative, decongestant, diuretic, emollient, expectorant, fungicidal, insecticidal, sedative and tonic.

Spearmint Essential Oil

Species: Mentha Spicata
Plant Family: 

Lamiaceae.

Origins: 

Native to Europe and South West Asia. The essential oil is now produced almost exclusively in China. 

Extraction: 

The oil is extracted by steam distillation of the flowering tops of the plant. 

Properties: 

Soothing, calming, antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, carminative, restorative, emmenagogue, insecticide, restorative and stimulant.

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