Essential Oils

Essential Oils

A series of articles aimed at giving you a deeper understanding of essential oils. We explain the uses & properties of each oil to help you use these wonderful natural ingredients safely and effectively.

 

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Cumin Essential Oil

Species: Cuminum Cyminum
Plant Family: 

Apiaceae (Umbelliferae). 

Origins: 

Native to Egypt but now found throughout the Mediterranean and the Far East. 

Extraction: 

The essential is obtained by cold expression of the seeds. 

Properties: 

Bactericidal, carminative, digestive, diuretic, antiseptic, anti-spasmodic, detoxifier, emenagogue, stimulant, nervine and tonic.

Cypress Essential Oil

Species: Cupressus sempervirens
Plant Family: 

Cupressaceae.

Origins: 

The plant is found in Mediterranean countries and parts of North Africa. 

Extraction: 

The oil is obtained by steam distillation of the leaves of the plant.

Properties: 

Antispasmodic, astringent, haemostatic, diuretic, tonic and uplifting. 

Damiana Essential Oil

Species: Turnera diffusa
Plant Family: 

Passifloraceae.

Origins: 

Indigenous to Texas and Mexico. Now grows in other parts of southern and South America and Africa. 

Extraction: 

The oil is obtained by steam distillation of the plant. 

Properties: 

Aphrodisiac, diuretic, tonic, insecticide, antiseptic, stimulating to the immune system and circulation. 

Dill Seed Essential Oil

Species: Anethum graveolens
Plant Family: 

Apiaceae.

Origins: 

Indigenous to Southern Russia and the Mediterranean. Now cultivated in England and Europe. 

Extraction: 

The oil is obtained by steam distillation of the seeds. 

Properties: 

Antispasmodic, carminative, sudorific, digestive, disinfectant, sedative, stomachic and galactagogue.

Elemi Essential Oil

Species: Canarium commune
Plant Family: 

Burseraceae.

Origins: 

Grows across southern Asia, tropical Africa, Australia and the Western Pacific Islands. 

Eucalyptus Essential Oil

Species: Eucalyptus globulus
Plant Family: 

Myrtaceae.

Origins: 

Originally found in Tasmania and Australia but nowadays can also be found in countries around the Mediterranean.

Extraction: 

The oil is extracted by steam distillation of the leaves and twigs of the tree. 

Properties: 

Analgesic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antiviral, depurative, expectorant, prophylactic, stimulant and uplifting. 

Eucalyptus Radiata Essential Oil

Species: Glycine soja
Plant Family: 

Myrtaceae

Origins: 

Southern Australia. 

Extraction: 

The oil is obtained by steam distillation of the leaves of the plant. 

Properties: 

Analgesic, Anti-bacterial, Anti-biotic, Anti-inflammatory, Antiseptic, Disinfectant and Expectorant.

Fennel Essential Oil

Species: Foeniculum vulgare
Plant Family: 

Apiaceae (Umbelliferae).

Origins: 

Found the throughout Europe but particularly Mediterranean countries such as Greece, France and Italy. It seems to prefer growing by the sea.

Extraction: 

The essential oil is obtained by steam distillation of the crushed Fennel seeds.

Properties: 

Antiseptic, antispasmodic, carminative, diuretic, galactagogue, emmenagogue, laxative, antimicrobial and tonic. 

Flouve Essential Oil

Species: Anthoxanthum odoratum
Plant Family: 

Poaceae.

Origins: 

Found in Europe and Asia. 

Extraction: 

The oil is obtained by steam distillation of the roots of the grass. 

Frankincense Essential Oil

Species: Boswellia carterii
Plant Family: 

From the plant family Burseraceae.

Origins: 

Originates from the area around the Red Sea, now also grown in Africa, particularly the north-east in countries such as Somalia and Ethiopia.

Extraction: 

The essential oil is obtained by steam distillation of the resin of the tree. 

Properties: 

Emmanagogue, expectorant, relaxing, rubefacient, sedative & tonic. 

Galangal Essential Oil

Species: Kaempferia galanga
Plant Family: 

Zingiberaceae.

Origins: 

Native to the south eastern regions of China. Cultivated in China, India, Thailand & Japan. 

Extraction: 

The oil is obtained by steam distillation of the root of the plant. 

Properties: 

Antiseptic, bactericidal, carminative, diaphoretic, stimulant, stomachic.

 

Galbanum Essential Oil

Species: Ferula galbaniflua
Plant Family: 

Apiaceae.

Origins: 

Native to the Middle East, cultivated in Iran, Lebanon, Afghanistan & Turkey.

Extraction: 

The essential oil is obtained from the resin of the plant. 

Properties: 

Analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antiseptic, antispasmodic, aphrodisiac, balsamic, carminative, cicatrisant, digestive, diuretic, emmenagogue, expectorant, hypotensive, restorative & tonic.

 

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