Essential Oils

Essential Oils

A series of articles aimed at giving you a deeper understanding of essential oils. We explain the uses & properties of each oil to help you use these wonderful natural ingredients safely and effectively.

 

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Myrhh Essential Oil

Species: Commiphora myrrha
Plant Family: 

Burseraceae.

Origins: 

Native to north east Africa and south west Asia.

Extraction: 

The essential oil is obtained by steam distillation of the plant.

Properties: 

Anti-catarrhal, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antiseptic, astringent, balsamic, carminative, cicatrisant, emmenagogue, expectorant, fungicidal, sedative, digestive and pulmonary stimulant, stomachic, tonic, uterine and vulnerary.

Myrtle Essential Oil

Species: Myrtus communis
Plant Family: 

Myrtaceae.

Origins: 

Native to the Mediterranean.

Extraction: 

Obtained by steam distillation of the leaves of the plant. 

Properties: 

Anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antiparasitic, antiseptic, astringent, antispasmodic, decongestant, deodoriser, expectorant and stimulant to the prostate, liver and thyroid. 

Neroli Absolute Oil

Species: Citrus Aurantium
Plant Family: 

Rutaceae.

Origins: 

Native to China and Central Asia, now grown, cultivated and distilled in North Africa, China and most Mediterranean countries.

Extraction: 

The oil is obtained by distillation and solvent extraction.

Properties: 

Antidepressant, antispasmodic, detoxifying, relaxing, sedative, tonic and uplifting.

Niaouli Essential Oil

Species: Melaleuca viridiflora
Plant Family: 

Myrtaceae.

Origins: 

Native to Australia, New Caledonia and the French Pacific Islands. Produced mainly in Australia, Tasmania and Indonesia.

Extraction: 

The oil is obtained by steam distillation of the leaves.

Properties: 

Analgesic, anthelmintic, anticatarrhal, antirheumatic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, bactericidal, balsamic, cicatrisant, expectorant, regulator, stimulant and vermifuge. 

Nutmeg Essential Oil

Species: Myristica fragrans
Plant Family: 

Myristicaceae.

Origins: 

Native to the Molucca islands, now cultivated in Indonesia, Sri Lanka and the West Indies.

Extraction: 

The essential oil is obtained by steam distillation of the seeds (nuts) of the tree.

Properties: 

Analgesic, anti-oxidant, antirheumatic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, aphrodisiac, carminative, digestive, emmenagogue, larvicidal, stimulant and tonic.

Oakmoss Essential Oil

Species: Evernia prunastri
Plant Family: 

Parmeliaceae.

Origins: 

Produced from a moss that grows on Oak trees found in mountainous forests all over the Northern Hemisphere but especially in North America, Central Europe and in France, Portugal and Spain. The oil is mainly manufactured in France. 

Extraction: 

The oil is obtained by solvent extraction from the moss.

Properties: 

Antiseptic, expectorant, restorative. 

Orange (Sweet) Essential Oil

Species: Citrus aurantium dulcis
Plant Family: 

Rutaceae.

Origins: 

Bred first by orange-growers in China, the sweet orange is now widely cultivated in subtropical regions, especially Brazil, the USA, China and India.

Extraction: 

The oil is obtained by cold expression of the thick peel and rind of the fruit. 

Properties: 

Antidepressant, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, bactericidal, carminative, choleretic, digestive, fungicidal, hyposensitive, sedative (nervous), stimulant, (digestive and lymphatic), stomachic, tonic.

Palmarosa Essential Oil

Species: Cymbopogon martini
Plant Family: 

Poaceae.

Origins: 

Native to south and south-east Asia, particularly India. Now also cultivated in Africa and South America.

Extraction: 

The oil is obtained by steam distillation of the herb. 

Properties: 

Antiseptic, antiviral, bactericidal, cytophylactic, digestive, febrifuge and hydrating.

Parsley Seed Essential Oil

Species: Carum petroselinum
Plant Family: 

Apiaceae.

Origins: 

Native to western & southern Europe and northern Africa. Now cultivated in Europe, Asia and the USA.

 

Extraction: 

The oil is obtained by steam distillation from the seeds. 

Properties: 

Antimicrobial, antiseptic, astringent, carminative, detoxifier, digestive, diuretic, depurative, emmenagogue, febrifuge, laxative, stimulant, stomachic & uterine.

Patchouli Essential Oil

Species: Pogostemon cablin
Plant Family: 

Lamiaceae (Labiatae).

Origins: 

Originally from tropical Asia, mostly Indonesia and the Philippines. Still cultivated in these countries as well as India, China, Malaysia and South America.

Extraction: 

The essential oil is obtained by steam distillation of the dried and fermented leaves of the plant.

Properties: 

Antidepressant, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antiphlogistic, antiseptic, antitoxic, antiviral, aphrodisiac, astringent, bactericidal, carminative, deodorant, digestive, diuretic, febrifuge, fungicidal, prophylactic, nervous stimulant, stomachic and tonic. 

Peppermint Essential Oil

Species: Mentha arvensis
Plant Family: 

Lamiaceae (Labiatae).

Origins: 

Peppermint grows worldwide but major producers are the USA, India and China. It's native to Southern Europe.

Extraction: 

The essential oil is produced by steam distillation of the flowering herb and leaves.  

Properties: 

Analgesic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antiviral, antipruritic, carminative, cephalic, cooling, digestive tonic, expectorant, febrifuge, stimulant, stomachic, vermifuge, uplifting and vasoconstrictive. 

Peru Balsam Essential Oil

Species: Myroxylon Pereirae
Plant Family: 

Fabaceae.

Origins: 

A large tropical tree that’s mainly found growing throughout Central & South America. 

Extraction: 

Peru Balsam essential oil is derived form the resin that is found in the trunk of the tree and the oil is extracted through the process of steam distillation. 

Properties: 

An antiseptic, anti-fungal, expectorant. Soothing, relaxing and calming on the body and mind and is a fixative. 

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